Bhagavad-gita 2.49-51
by His Divine Grace A. C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada
New York, April 5, 1966

Prabhupada: Now Lord Sri Krsna is just trying to place Arjuna in the platform of working on pure consciousness. The… We have already discussed for so many days that we are not this dull body, but we are consciousness. Now, some way or other, we are in contact with this matter. Therefore our freedom is checked. As spiritual beings, we are free, free to act, free to have anything, pure, no contamination, no disease, no birth, no death, no old age, and besides that, we have got many, many other qualifications in our spiritual life. So unfortunately, because we are in contact with this matter, we are hampered in so many ways. This we should understand, and this is the opportunity; this human life is the only opportunity. If we miss this opportunity, then it may be that in our next life we may not have again this nice, civilized human form of life according to our karma. But one thing is sure. You’ll be glad to hear that once begun, this process of spiritual realization, one is guaranteed to have next life as human being. You’ll find in the Bhagavad-gita that sucinam srimatam gehe yoga-bhrasto ’bhijayate. You’ll find in course of this discussion with Arjuna and Krsna when Krsna will describe about the yoga system, how to act it. This is also yoga system, yoga-sthah kuru karmani. This is karma-yoga. This is karma-yoga.

So any yoga, either karma-yoga or dhyana-yoga or jnana-yoga, any system of yoga, once begun in this life, that will continue. That will continue. Yoga-sthah kuru karmani. The Bhagavata says, Srimad-Bhagavata says, tyaktva sva-dharmam caranambujam harer bhajann apakvo ’tha patet tato yadi yatra kva vabhadram abhud amusya kim ko vartha aptah, aptah abhajatam sva-dharmatah [Bhag. 1.5.17]. This is speech by Narada to his disciple, Srila Vyasadeva, that “You should try, people, to connect them in spiritual life, in conducting spiritual life. It doesn’t matter even if he fails to complete the course; still, he’s not loser. Still, he’s not loser. He…” The whole system of Vedic knowledge, especially the Krsna philosophy… Krsna philosophy—the whole philosophy. Vedic philosophy means Krsna philosophy. Vedais ca sarvair aham eva vedyam [Bg. 15.15]. The all Vedic knowledge, all Vedic wisdom means to understand Krsna philosophy. That’s all. Nothing else. The Krsna philosophy in different ways all over the world, they have been described according to the time, place and people, but you must know the whole thing is Krsna philosophy. Krsna philosophy is… When we speak of Krsna, you don’t take this word, Sanskrit word, Krsna, in a sectarian meaning. Krsna means the Supreme, the highest pleasure, highest pleasure.

So now, yoga-sthah. In the previous verse we have been advised to work, continue work, being situated in yoga. And in the next sloka Lord Krsna says,

durena hy avaram karma buddhi-yogad dhananjaya buddhau saranam anviccha krpanah phala-hetavah

Durena. Durena: “By force…” Just like unwanted things which we don’t like, we throw it aside. Suppose something is given to me in my, during my dinner which I don’t like… Sometimes we throw it, “Oh, I don’t want it.” You see? So similarly, our discrimination… “Discrimination is the best part of valor.” Simply we have to learn how to discriminate whether we are working on material platform or on the spiritual platform. That’s all. Just like Arjuna. Arjuna was being advised to work on the spiritual platform. That’s all. The whole instruction of Bhagavad-gita is based on this principle, that Arjuna was perplexed with material thoughts. And Lord Krsna wanted to pose him, or to place him in the spiritual platform. That’s all. So now, from Arjuna’s activity, you can understand that what is spiritual platform and what is material platform.

Now, those who have studied Bhagavad-gita up to the end, and I hope some of you have already read Bhagavad-gita… Arjuna was a military man, and Krsna was trying to induce him to his duty as military man, that “You must fight.” But Arjuna was declining that “I cannot kill my relatives, my friends, my brothers, my teacher, my grandfather.” That was his consideration. Now, this consideration is material platform. When we think of in relation with this body, that is material platform. Anything done in consideration of this body… This body means senses. The body means the senses. That means anything which we do for sense gratification, that is material. And anything which we do for the satisfaction of the Supreme, that is spiritual platform. That’s all. So we have to discriminate “Whether I am working for sense gratification or whether I am working for the satisfaction of the Supreme?” If this art we can learn, then our life becomes spiritualized. Spiritual life does not mean that we have to change something of these activities which we are, already we are engaged, or our form of the body will change to something extraordinary. Nothing. The same body, the same feature, the same activity, same engagement—everything same. But we have to know the art, “Whether these activities are being done from the spiritual platform or from the material platform?” If we can discriminate in that way, as Lord Krsna advises to Arjuna, durena hy avaram karma buddhi-yogad dhananjaya: “O Dhananjaya…” Dhananjaya is another name of Arjuna. “My dear Dhananjaya, buddhi-yogat, by your intelligence…” And as we have explained, buddhi-yoga means devotional service to the Lord. So on the criterion of buddhi-yoga, on the criterion of devotional service to the Lord, you have to do everything. That is the, I mean to say, technique. That is the technique. Durena hy avaram karma buddhi-yogat, buddhi-yogat. You have to use your intelligence, “Whether I am doing this on the platform of pure consciousness or on the platform of this body?”

Now, in the beginning you require a guide. Without guide, it is not possible. Anything which you want to learn in the beginning, any art or science, you require a guide. Without guide… Just like a small child, when he begins to walk, he requires the help of his elder brother or sister or father or mother to catch, and one step, one step, one step, one step… But when he begins to walk independently, then he doesn’t require any help. Similarly, to learn this art, “Whether I am acting on the spiritual platform or on the material platform,” you require a spiritual master, guide. And this is called dvija, or the second birth. When you catch hold of a bona fide spiritual master just to guide you to act on the spiritual platform, then your second life begins. It is called dvija. So this life is so important that one must begin it. One must begin it. There is no alternative. If a man is intelligent enough, if at all he wants to make his life successful, this must he do. That is the injunction of the Vedas. The Vedas says, tad-vijnanartham sa gurum eva abhigacchet [MU 1.2.12] This abhigacchet is the form of verb which is imperative, “You must.” Abhigacchet. This, this form of verb is used when the sense is “You must.” So the Vedic Upanisad directs that tad-vijnanartham: “In order to be situated, or in order to learn how to act on the spiritual platform, you must seek out a bona fide spiritual master who can guide you.” So Krsna, Arjuna has selected Krsna as the spiritual master. We have already explained that Krsna, Arjuna surrendered unto Arjuna (Krsna). And Narada says that “Even after, I mean to say, neglecting…” Tyaktva sva-dharmam caranambujam hareh. Now, Narada says that “If somebody neglects all other duties, all other duties…” Tyaktva sva-dharmam. Sva-dharmam means every particular man has got some particular form of duty. Every particular man. You have got some duty, I have got some duty, everyone. Nobody is dutiless. Now, Narada says, “Even sacrificing the so-called duties, if one takes absolutely unto the spiritual life, then he is not loser. He’s not loser. On the contrary, one who does not take up this important path and remain engaged in the so-called duties, he’s a loser. He’s a loser.” It is a very important point.

Now, Bhagavad-gita also confirms that, once begun, this spiritual life, then he’s not loser in the sense that his human life is guaranteed in the next birth. In the ordinary duty, you do not know whether you’ll have again this human body or not. There is no certainty. That will depend on your quality of work. But here, if you begin your spiritual life, sacrificing all other duties, then your next life as human being is guaranteed, guaranteed. You’ll find in Bhagavad-gita that sucinam srimatam gehe yoga-bhrasto ’bhijayate. Bhrasta. Bhrasta means one, yoga-bhrasta, one who is prosecuting the yoga system… The yoga sys… Yoga system I have already explained. Yoga system means the transcendental process by which we realize ourself, we link up our life with self-realization. That is called yoga. Now, now, somebody begins this yoga of self- realization, but for unfortunately he cannot prosecute the task in a nice way, and sometimes he falls down, falls down from the path. Still, there is encouragement that “You are not loser. You are not loser. Because you will be given a chance next life, and that next life is not ordinary next life.” That next life is sucinam srimatam gehe: “You’ll have your birth next life either in a very rich family, or in the family of very highly advanced, educated father.” Sucinam srimatam. Sucinam means… I have explained to you the, the life of a brahmana, brahminical culture. Suci means brahmana. Brahmana means one who knows spiritual life, how to conduct. And he has got other qualifications. Then he’s called suci. And the, the, the opposite word of suci is called muci. So we need not explain what is muci, but suci, sucinam means highly cultured brahmana. And srimatam. Sri means wealth, sri means wealth, opulence, beauty and all these things. That means very aristocratic family, very aristocratic family. So he’s given chance to get his birth in two places. One who is, I mean to…, not successful. The successful, oh, what to speak of him! The successful goes back to Godhead directly. And even one is unsuccessful, half-finished, then he is given chance to take his birth in two kinds of family. One set is srimatam. Srimatam means very well-to-do, rich family. And other is very well polished, cultural brahmana family.

Why? Now, there is the chance. There is the chance of spiritual culture, very nicely. Of course, here, in your country, aristocratic family, just like Rockefeller family, or Ford family… There are many rich families here. I do not know what are their activities, but in India, the aristocratic family, they have got particular spiritual function. Each and every aristocratic family has so many temples, so many temples. And I have already informed you that one of the aristocratic family in India, Sir Padampat Singhania, he’s a very big. He’s as equal to your Rockefeller family. And I wrote him that “I want to start here one Radha-Krsna temple and I want your help.” He has immediately agreed, “Swamiji, I shall spend for a nice architectural, Indian pattern temple in New York if I get exchange sanction.” You see? So my putting you, putting this statement is that even up till now, Indian aristocratic family, they are so much religiously inclined that immediately on my proposal he’s agreed. He’s agreed, “Yes. I shall construct a temple.” So that aristocratic family has the facility. In every Indian aristocratic family you’ll find they have got their particular temples and temple worship, and they go, they offer their respect, and do their business as it is. There is no harm. So by, side by side with material activities, they have got the chance of spiritual… Now, this particular family I am speaking to you, Singhania family, you’ll be very glad to learn that how they are family arrangement… They have got a temple, Dvarakadhisa, a Radha-Krsna temple, just like this picture. They have got a very nice temple, and that temple has got some property. And the, that property, out of the property, one of the land is leased out to this Singhania Organization business. So they pay rent to the Deity. You see? Similarly, the Deity has large income. And they spend also in so many ways. If we have got the chance of starting a temple here, we shall also let you know how to spend for spiritual consciousness. Yes. Now their family duty is that they are, this Singhania, Sir Padampat Singhania, they have got four or five brothers, and the mother is still living. And the order is that each and every family member must go every day and pay respect to the Deity. And if somebody is absent one day, then he must be fined. A fine is imposed. The, the big brother, Sir Padampat Singhania, if he’s absent one day to pay respect to the Deity, he’s fined ten rupees, or ten dollars. You see? And, and next day the brahmana, or the pujari, the worshiper engaged, he goes to collect the fine. He presents, “Yes, yes. I am sorry. Yes. Here is my fine.” (laughs) So of course, this is self-imposed, but the idea is that they are spiritually conscious in this way. “Oh, I did not go yesterday to offer my respect to the Deity, Krsna. So I must pay fine.” This is also spiritual consciousness. This is also spiritual consciousness.

So the whole thing is that life should be molded, molded in such a way that in every step or action, we shall feel the presence of the Lord. That is spiritual life. That is spiritual life. You need not change your present occupation. Just like the example, this Singhania family, they do not change. They are doing just like ordinary… But they are always spiritually conscious. The aim is, aim is toward Krsna. That is very nice example. It is very ordinary. Everyone will understand it. Now, suppose a man or woman is in love, and the man is a third person, beyond the husband of the wife, beyond the, of the woman. Now, it is a, it is a example given in scripture that the woman who is fallen in love, the woman of man with other woman, other man, opposite sex. So he may be engaged in so many duties, but his mind is always to that point when he or she will meet his lover. With all his duty, or her duties, during the daytime, she or he always thinks, “Oh, when that moment will come when we shall meet together?” That means the mind is always there. The example is said because when there is ecstasy, when there is ecstasy of love, even within our, within the midst of our multifarious duties, we can remember that thing always. Similarly, God consciousness, we shall have to mold our life in that way that in the midst of our very grave duties, serious duties, we shall always remember the Supreme, the Supreme, in every step. That discrimination, that much love, we have to develop. And therefore we require guide, how to develop. How to develop that, we require guide. We haven’t got to change anything. Let us, let us remain our, in our position, but at the same time, simultaneously, side by side, let us have spiritual culture. Just like we are holding this class. This is also spiritual culture, sravanam kirtanam. With your multifarious duties you come here thrice in a week and try to understand. This is also spiritual culture. This will not go in vain. This will give you impression. Even you stop coming here, that impression will never go. I tell you the that impression will never go. It is such a thing. But if we take it up very seriously and go on molding our life in that way, then it becomes quickly successful.

Now, suppose even there is no loss by falling down from this path, that does not mean that we should neglect it. No. Formerly, in Medical College of Calcutta the students who failed in the final examination, they were given some title, L.M.S., “License in Medical, Medicine and Surgery,” L.M.S. And those who passed, they were given the title M.D. or M.D., just like that way. So even by failure, they would get some title and allowed to practice as medical man. But that does not mean that we may try to fail also. No. The aim should be to become successful, not to fail, not to fail. Even though we are in failure, still, there is profit undoubtedly, but we should not aim to that objective. We should, we should be determined that in this very life we must have a spiritual realization perfectly so that, as you’ll find in the Bhagavad-gita, tyaktva deham punar janma naiti mam eti kaunteya.

janma karma ca me divyam evam yo vetti tattvatah tyaktva deham punar janma naiti mam eti kaunteya [Bg. 4.9]

“He Kaunteya, Arjuna…” Arjuna’s another name is Kaunteya because his mother’s name is Kunti. Therefore he’s sometimes addressed by Krsna as Kaunteya, “the son of Kunti.” Kaunteya means the son of Kunti. So, “O My dear son of Kunti, anyone who knows perfectly about the Lord’s incarnation, why does He come, what are His activities, and what is His original constitution, form, etc., the science of God—if anyone knows, simply by knowing, simply by knowing…, the theoretical knowledge…” What is his profit? Simply by knowing… Now, tyaktva deham punar janma naiti: [Bg. 4.9] “Then for him the profit is that after giving up this body, he hasn’t got to take birth again in this material form.” Tyaktva deham punar janma naiti mam eti: [Bg. 4.9] “He comes directly to Me.” Simply by knowing. Just like you are coming here. Apart from doing any practical work… If you do some practical work, oh, it is very, very nice. Even if you do not know any practical work, simply you give your reception, aural reception, submissive aural reception, and understand that what is the nature of God, what is the nature of our self, what is the relation between God and myself, what is this world, what is my relation with this world, so many things, simply if you hear and have an idea, then, even then, you’ll be free from this material bondage. Tyaktva deham punar janma naiti mam eti kaunteya [Bg. 4.9]

Therefore, as Lord Krsna says that,

durena hy avaram karma buddhi-yogad dhananjaya buddhau saranam anviccha krpanah phala-hetavah

”Don’t be miser. Don’t be miser.” Miser… We have already explained in our last meeting what is the miser and what is a brahmana. The opposite word is brahmana. Miser means this valuable body, who does not properly utilize it; simply they utilize this body for sense gratification and nothing more. They are krpana. Krpana means miser. Miser, who does not utilize the asset given to him, he’s a miser. Miser. He’s not liberal. One should be liberal.

There is a pandita, learned man. His name is Canakya. If you, some of you, had been in India, in New Delhi, where foreign ambassadors are settled, in New Delhi, capital of India, there is a quarter which is called Canakya Puri. Canakya Puri. This Canakya Puri has been named due to the name of this gentleman, Canakya. He was a great politician and prime minister during the reign of Emperor Candragupta. Long, long years before. He was a great politician. So his politics are studied in higher, M.A. class, and so he has got some, he has got a book which is called Canakya Sloka and some principles of morality, some principles of morality. So we, in our childhood, we had to study that small book, Canakya Sloka. So in that principles of morality even Canakya Pandita says that sannimitte varam tyaga vinase niyate sati. Vinase niyate sati: “Oh, this body, this body is destined to be destroyed. You cannot protect it. It is to be destroyed.” Sannimitte varam tyage vinase. Vinase means it is sure to be destroyed. “As sure as death.” There is nothing sure as death. Therefore this body should be utilized, sannimitte, for purpose of spiritual realization. Before it is finished… In all the sastras, this is the advice. This is the advice. The dog’s body will be finished, and the man’s body will be finished, but what is the difference of dog and man? The dog does not know how to utilize his body, but we are given instruction in so many books of knowledge, how to utilize this body. So Canakya Pandita says that sannimitte varam tyaga. You have to give up this body. Why don’t you give it up for the highest cause? Highest cause. This is the highest cause, spiritual realization. Somebody’s offering his body for country’s cause. Somebody’s offering body for the society’s cause. Or somebody’s offering body for theft case or some murdering case. We have, everyone has to offer his body at the end. But the man who sacrifices this body for the purpose of self- realization, he’s the most intelligent man. Sannimitte varam tyaga vinase niyate sati. You’ll have to meet death, undoubtedly, but before meeting death… [break]

…as fully spiritualized. This is the instruction given. Buddhau saranam anviccha krpanah: “Don’t be miser. Don’t misuse this great opportunity.”

buddhi-yukto jahatiha ubhe sukrta-duskrte tasmad yogaya yujyasva yogah karmasu kausalam

Yogah karmasu kausalam. Kausalam means expert trick, expert trick. Just like there are two men working. One man is very expert; another man is not so expert. Even in machinery. There is something wrong in the machine. The, the man who is not very expert, he’s trying whole day-night, how to adjust it, but the expert comes and at once sees what is the defect, and he joins one wire, this way and that way, and machine becomes start. Hrzum, hrzum, hrzum, hrzum, hrzum, hrzum. You see? Just like sometimes we, we find difficulty in our, this tape recorder, and Mr. Carl or somebody comes and rectifies this. So everything requires some expert knowledge. So karma, karma means work. We have to work. Without working even our, this body and soul cannot go. It is a very misconception that for one who is a…, for spiritual realization he hasn’t got to work. No, he has got to work more. Persons who are not for spiritual realization, they may be engaged in work for eight hours only, but those who are engaged for spiritual realization, oh, they are engaged twenty-four hours, twenty-four hours. That is the difference. And that difference is… You’ll find that on the material platform, on the bodily conception of life, if you work for eight hours only, you’ll feel fatigued. But spiritual purpose, if you work more than twenty-four hours… Unfortunately, you haven’t got more than twenty-four hours at your disposal. Still, you won’t feel fatigued. I tell you. This is my practical experience. This is my practical experience. And I am here, always working, something reading or writing, something reading or writing, twenty-four hours. Simply when I feel hungry, I take some food. And simply when I feel asleep, I go to bed. Otherwise, always, I don’t feel fatigued. You can ask Mr. Paul whether I am not doing this. So I take, I take pleasure in doing that. I don’t feel fatigued. Similarly, when one will have that spiritual sense, he won’t feel… Rather, he will, he will feel disgusted to go to sleep, to go to sleep, “Oh, sleep has come just to disturb.” See? He wants to lessen the time of sleeping. Then… Now, as we pray, vande rupa-sanatanau raghu-yugau sri-jiva-gopalakau. These six Gosvamis, they were deputed by Lord Caitanya to discuss this science. They have written immense literature about it. You see? So you’ll be surprised that they were sleeping only for one and half hours daily, not more than that. That also, sometimes they forego. You see. Now, so much busy in spiritual activities, krsnotkirtana-gana-nartana-parau…

So spiritual life is so sublime and so invigorating that you won’t feel fatigued. Won’t. Once… You have to be engaged. And as you are engaged actually in spiritual life, you won’t feel fatigued. You’ll be fearless, and your life will be always blissful. These are the symptoms. So yogah karmasu kausalam. So Lord says that the, that this spiritual platform is the karmasu kausalam. Kausalam means expert service, expert, kausalam. Kusala. Kusala means auspicious, and from kusala, it comes to kausala. That means if you learn the trick, how to work on the platform of yoga, then that is the highest technique of doing work. Buddhi-yukto jaha… And result of that work, what is that? Now, buddhi-yuktah. When you work from the spiritual platform with your intelligence, then jahati iha ubhe sukrta-duskrte. Sukrta-duskrta. Now, for ordinary work, if you do good work, then you have to take good result. And if you do bad work, or sinful work, then if you have, you have to take the effect of such bad and sinful work. Sukrta and duskrta. But one who works from spiritual platform, he hasn’t got to take the result of good work or bad work. Because he is transcendental. He has no good work and no bad work. Everything transcendental work. Everything transcendental work. That… Just like take the example of Arjuna. He was thinking that “Fighting of this nature is not good for me.” That was his problem. And…because he was thinking on the bodily platform. The same Arjuna again took to fighting. Does it mean that by understanding Bhagavad-gita he took to bad work? No. Just try to understand. He declined to fight. He thought that “Fighting for me with my relatives is not good.” That was his conclusion. And actually, from material platform… Suppose two brothers, we are. We are going to fight for something, and if a third person comes, if he advises that “You are two brothers. Why you are fighting? Just have it and it can be settled,” that is good actually. But the Arjuna, from practical point of view, or from the materialistic point of view, he was good that he was declining to fight. And Lord Krsna was inducing him to fight. So does it mean that Lord Krsna was inducing him to the bad course? No. He was inducing him to a course which is beyond good and bad, transcendental. In the… From the material platform, even if you do good work, that is also not good. That is also not good.

Now, now according to scripture, now, one who does good work only, no sinful work, then what is the result of his good work? Oh, he gets birth in a good family, in a higher planet, or very rich man, or very educated man, very beautiful man. These are the result of good work. Janmaisvarya-sruta-sri. Four things are obtained by good work. You get very good birth, high parentage, janma. You get very good wealth in wealthy family, or you earn millions and millions dollars. You don’t think that simply by laboring, one can earn millions and millions dollars unless he has got in the background very good work. You see? Otherwise, everyone is trying to earn millions and billions, but somebody’s earning very quickly, without any effort, and somebody, whole life working, he does not get even sufficient for the maintenance. So these are the result of good work and bad work. So janma-aisvarya-sruta. High education, to become very highly learned man, that is also due to good work. And to be very beautiful, that is also result of good work. Janma-aisvarya-sruta-sri. Sri means beauty. And bad work is just opposite. Now, good work or bad work, now, when you take your birth in a good family, when you are very much educated, very much beautiful, but still, you have to accept the, I mean to say, triple miseries of material existence. That you cannot avoid. That you cannot avoid. Because you are very rich man, you cannot avoid your death. You cannot avoid your disease. You cannot avoid your old age. Similarly, as the man who is poor man, he is also cannot, he also cannot avoid old age, he cannot avoid death, he cannot avoid disease. Similarly, the troubles of material existence is there, both in good life and bad life. But when you work transcendentally, neither good nor bad, for the sake of the supreme consciousness, transcendental position, you don’t get this material birth at all. Therefore that is real good. You are above this birth, death, old age and so many troubles, miseries of life.

So Lord Sri Krsna says that buddhi-yukto jahati. If you work from the transcendental plane, or spiritual platform, then you get rid of all the results of good work and bad work. Don’t be attached by, either by good work or bad work. That is the technique. A transcendentalist who wants to work from spiritual platform, he has no botheration, “Whether I am doing good or bad?” He has only to see, “Whether I am doing, acting on the platform of spiritual consciousness or material consciousness?” That’s all. Even a apparently bad work by such person on the spiritual consciousness, is also good, supreme good. Not only good, but supreme good. Just like you see the example of Arjuna. From material point of view, he was right that “It is not good to fight with my brothers.” That is right from material point of view. But when he learned Bhagavad-gita, he fought with the same brothers. With the same brothers. That means that after learning Bhagavad-gita, after taking lessons of Bhagavad-gita, he did not become a bad man. No. He become a transcendental man. Transcendental man. Because that fighting, he accepted on the instruction, on the desire of the supreme consciousness, Krsna. That is the technique. So similarly, when we mold our life in such a way that we have to act on the direction of the supreme consciousness, then our life becomes sublime, spiritual.

Now, as I have already explained to you, that we require a guide. We require a guide. That guide should be the representative of Krsna. Otherwise, he cannot be guide. Just like Krsna was the guide of Arjuna directly. Now, here we haven’t got Krsna directly, but how to have a guide? That guide means he must be a representative of Krsna, representative of Krsna. How one can become representative of Krsna? That means one who follows the instruction of Krsna. Just like you take a, take for example a lawyer. What do you mean by lawyer? One who understands the lawbooks very nicely. He’s a lawyer, a representative of law. Similarly, here in the Bhagavad-gita, there are instructions of Krsna, and a person who understands these instructions rightly… How to understand that instruction rightly, that is also in this book. You haven’t got to seek elsewhere how to understand Bhagavad-gita. The how to understand Bhagavad-gita is already prescribed here. That I shall explain to you, when you go to the Fourth Chapter. Now we are on the Second Chapter. When you go to the Fourth Chapter, how to understand Bhagavad-gita, that is also mentioned there. So according to that process, if somebody understands Bhagavad-gita and in his life he practices in that way, just like a lawyer who has passed the law examination… Similarly, one who understands Bhagavad-gita as it is, without any wishful interpretation for his own purpose… No. Bhagavad-gita as it is, as it is instructed to Arjuna. If there is somebody who understands Bhagavad-gita in that way, he is the representative of God. He is the representative of Krsna, and one should accept such representative of Krsna for his guide. Then, actually, as much as Arjuna was guided by Krsna, then similarly, that person who takes the shelter of the guidance of a person who is fully, I mean to say, aware, fully conversant with the science of Krsna, he can guide you nicely and for your spiritual life as Lord Krsna has guided Arjuna for his spiritual life.

Thank you very much. Any questions? (end)